From the Hall of Fame
The All-Star Game will be played Tuesday in Cleveland.
The question isn't if any of the players will be inducted into the Hall of Fame, but rather how many of the All-Stars will eventually be Hall of Famers.
When the All-Star Game debuted on July 6, 1933 in Chicago, the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, N.Y., was not yet a part of the American lexicon.
Seventeen of the 30 players (eight from the National League and nine from the American League), both managers and two umpires from that game were, however, eventually inducted into the shrine in Cooperstown, N.Y.
The NL box score featured future Hall of Famers Frankie Frisch, Chick Hafey, Gabby Hartnett, Carl Hubbell, Chuck Klein, Bill Terry, Pie Traynor and Paul Waner. Future Hall of Famers who appeared in the game for the AL included Earl Averill, Joe Cronin, Rick Farrell, Lou Gehrig, Charlie Gehringer, Lefty Gomez, Lefty Grove, Babe Ruth and Al Simmons.
The teams were managed by future Hall of Famers Connie Mack (AL) and John McGraw (NL), with future Hall of Fame umpires Bill Klem and Bill McGowan at first and second base, respectively.
IN THE 80-PLUS years since the first All-Star Game, future Hall of Famers have accounted for 1,282 All-Star Game selections – 304 pitcher selections and 978 position player selection.
Of these selections, Hank Aaron has accounted for 25, the most of any player, followed by Willie Mays and Stan Musial who have each been selected to 24 Mid-Summer Classic. Of the 18 players selected to start the 1934 All-Star Game, only one, Wally Berger, has not been elected to the Hall of Fame.
The 28 future Hall of Famers selected to play in the 1934 contest is also a record. No big league game has ever featured more future Hall of Famers than the 1934 All-Star Game, which had 31 (including playing and non-playing Hall of Famers).
THE 2019 INDUCTION Weekend will take place July 19-22, with the Induction Ceremony Sunday, July 21, at 1:30 p.m. EDT.
Baseball Writers’ Association of America electees Roy Halladay, Edgar Martinez, Mike Mussina and Mariano Rivera will join Today’s Game Era Committee electees Harold Baines and Lee Smith to be inducted as the Class of 2019.
Admission to the ceremony at the Clark Sports Center is free. MLB Network and MLB Network Radio on Sirius XM will carry the Induction Ceremony live. Saturday, July 20, will feature the Hall of Fame Awards Presentation at 4:30 p.m. at Doubleday Field. Jayson Stark of The Athletic will receive the J.G. Taylor Spink Award for meritorious contributions to baseball writing and Al Helfer will be posthumously honored as the Ford C. Frick Award winner for excellence in broadcasting.
SIXTY-TWO OF THE 79 living Hall of Famers, include the five living 2019 inductees, have RSVP'd to attend this year's ceremoney.
The Class of 2019
KING HAROLD: Harold Baines played 22 seasons for the White Sox, Rangers, Athletics, Orioles and Indians, earning six All-Star Game selections and twice winning the Outstanding Designated Hitter Award (now named the Edgar Martinez Award)... An eight-time .300 hitter who reached the 20-homer mark in 11 seasons, Baines drove in 90-or-more runs eight times and ranks 34th on the all-time list with 1,628 RBI…Baines’ 2,830 games played rank 20th on the all-time list…Among batters who played at least 50 percent of their games as a designated hitter, Baines’ 2,866 hits rank first and his 384 home runs and 1,628 RBI rank third behind only David Ortiz and Frank Thomas, respectively…Baines recorded 2,866 hits and 1,628 RBI, making him one of only 17 players in MLB history to have reached both 2,800 hits and 1,600 RBI.
BLUE JAY WAY: Roy Halladay pitched 16 seasons for the Blue Jays and Phillies, winning Cy Young Awards in 2003 and 2010 and finishing in the Top 5 of his league’s Cy Young Award voting in five other seasons…An eight-time All-Star, Halladay led his league in complete games seven times…A three-time 20-game winner, Halladay led his league in strikeout-to-walk ratio five times, innings pitched four times, shutouts four times and victories twice… Halladay threw two no-hitters for the Phillies during the 2010 season, the first a perfect game against the Marlins on May 29 and then a no-hitter against the Reds in Game 1 of the NLDS, making Halladay the second pitcher in postseason history to throw a no-hitter following Don Larsen’s perfect game in the 1956 World Series.
MARINER MUSINGS: Edgar Martinez played 18 seasons, all with the Seattle Mariners…A seven-time All-Star and five-time Silver Slugger Award winner, Martinez was a two-time American League batting champion who led the AL in on-base percentage three times…Topping the 20-homer mark in eight seasons, Martinez drove in 100-or-more runs six times and hit .300 in 10 full seasons…A third baseman at the start of his career, injuries pushed Martinez into a DH role, where he thrived for a decade…He was named the AL’s outstanding designated hitter five times, an award that is now named after him…When he retired, Martinez was one of only six players in history with a .300 batting average, .400 on-base percentage, .500 slugging percentage, 500 doubles and 300 home runs.
MOOSE SIGHTING: Mike Mussina pitched for 18 seasons for the Orioles and Yankees…A five-time All-Star, Mussina finished in the Top 6 of the AL Cy Young Award voting nine times and won at least 10 games in 17 seasons…A seven-time Gold Glove Award winner, Mussina became the oldest first-time 20-game winner when he reached the mark at age 39 in 2008, his final big league season…Totaled 2,813 strikeouts, 19th-most all-time at the time of his retirement…Retired as one of only four Live Ball Era pitchers with at least 270 wins and a .625 winning percentage…Made 59.5 percent of his regular season starts in Fenway Park, Oriole Park at Camden Yards or Yankee Stadium, pitching for teams in the AL East for his entire career.
ENTER SANDMAN: Mariano Rivera pitched 19 seasons in the big leagues, all with the New York Yankees, retiring after the 2013 season with a record 652 saves and 952 games finished…A 13-time All-Star, Rivera helped the Yankees win five World Series titles and seven American League pennants…The Yankees advanced to the postseason in 17 of Rivera’s 19 seasons…Rivera led the AL in saves three times and finished with 40-or-more saves nine times, a record he shares with Hall of Famer Trevor Hoffman…Rivera’s career ERA of 2.21 is the lowest of any Live Ball Era pitcher with at least 1,000 innings pitched, and his career WHIP of 1.0003 ranks third all-time behind Hall of Famers Addie Joss and Ed Walsh…In 96 postseason appearances, Rivera was 8-1 with 42 saves and a 0.70 ERA, winning World Series MVP honors in 1999 and ALCS MVP honors in 2003.
MR. SMITH GOES TO COOPERSTOWN: Lee Smith pitched 18 seasons for the Cubs, Red Sox, Cardinals, Yankees, Orioles, Angels, Reds and Expos and retired as MLB’s all-time saves leader, a title he held for 13 seasons…Smith’s 478 saves currently rank third all-time, as do his 802 games finished…A seven-time All-Star, Smith led his league in saves four times and reached the 30-save mark in 10 seasons…Smith finished in the Top 10 of his league’s Cy Young Award voting four times, including a second-place finish in the NL Cy Young Award voting in 1991…Of Smith’s 478 saves, 169 required at least four outs and 94 required two-or-more innings pitched…Smith averaged 8.73 strikeouts per nine innings, which ranks third all-time among pitchers with at least 1,000 appearances behind Trevor Hoffman (9.36) and Dan Plesac (8.74).
The Award Winners
The late Al Helfer, winner of the 2019 Ford C. Frick Award for broadcasters, and Jayson Stark, the 2019 winner of the Baseball Writers’ Association of America’s J.G. Taylor Spink Award, will be honored at the 2019 Hall of Fame Awards Presentation on Saturday, July 20, at Doubleday Field in Cooperstown.
A MUTUAL RESPECT: Al Helfer, who called games for eight big league teams and also was the voice of the Mutual Game of the Day for five seasons during the 1950s, was elected posthumously as the 2019 winner of the Ford C. Frick Award, presented annually for excellence in broadcasting by the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum… A Pennsylvania native, Helfer left University of Pittsburgh medical school in 1929 after only one month and secured a job at a small radio station in Silver Haven, Pa….In 1933, Helfer’s long tenure in the bigs began in Pittsburgh recreating Pirates games on the radio…Following stints with the Reds, Giants, Yankees and Dodgers, he would serve in the Navy in World War II…He signed on as play-by-play for the Mutual Game of the Day in 1950, and called six big league games a week for five years, reaching an estimated 80 million listeners via more than 400 stations in non-MLB markets in America and around the world…He stepped away from the Game of the Day in 1955 and would work calling Dodgers, Phillies, Colt .45s and Athletics games during the final years of his career…Helfer passed away on May 16, 1975 and is the 43rd winner of the Frick Award.
WRITTEN HISTORY: Jayson Stark, whose game coverage and insight have provided fans with a unique look at the National Pastime, has been named the winner of the 2019 J.G. Taylor Spink Award in balloting by the Baseball Writers’ Association of America… The Philadelphia native and Syracuse University graduate began his sports writing career with the Providence Journal (1975-78), where he occasionally covered the Red Sox, then moved closer to home, joining the Philadelphia Inquirer (1979-1999), where he worked the Phillies’ beat before transitioning into a columnist…By 2000, Stark had joined ESPN, where he not only wrote for their website but also appeared on the network…Writing for The Athletic since 2018, he also appears on MLB Network and hosts “Baseball Stories” on Stadium TV…Stark is the 70th winner of the Spink Award.
BITS AND PIECES
20/20 VISION: With the election of Roy Halladay, Edgar Martinez, Mike Mussina and Mariano Rivera, the BBWAA has elected at least two Hall of Fame candidates in six straight years and a total of 20 candidates during that time…No six-year period in history has resulted in as many BBWAA electees, with the previous high of 15 coming in the six-year period from 1951-56…That was also the last time the BBWAA elected at least two candidates six years in a row.
FIVE FOR FOUR: The 2019 election marks the fifth time in 75 BBWAA Hall of Fame elections that the BBWAA has elected four players…Three of those elections have come in the last five years, with Craig Biggio, Randy Johnson, Pedro Martínez and John Smoltz elected in 2015 and Vladimir Guerrero, Trevor Hoffman, Chipper Jones and Jim Thome elected in 2018…The other two years that featured exactly four BBWAA electees were 1947 (Mickey Cochrane, Frankie Frisch, Lefty Grove and Carl Hubbell) and 1955 (Joe DiMaggio, Gabby Hartnett, Ted Lyons and Dazzy Vance).
56 AT FIRST: The election of Roy Halladay and Mariano Rivera brings the total of first-year BBWAA inductees to 56 and marks the sixth straight year with at least one first-ballot inductee, the first such stretch since a run of eight straight years from 1988-95.
PERFECT 100: Mariano Rivera becomes the first player elected unanimously by the BBWAA…The highest percentage received by any candidate in the 74 previous BBWAA elections was Ken Griffey Jr., who received 99.3 percent of the vote in 2016.
DIFFERENT BUT SAME: Roy Halladay and Edgar Martinez became the second BBWAA electees in the same election to receive the exact same number of votes…Babe Ruth and Honus Wagner tied with 95.1 percent of the vote apiece in the inaugural election of 1936.
HEROES REMEMBERED: Roy Halladay becomes the sixth player posthumously elected by the BBWAA by standard election procedures…Christy Mathewson (1936), Willie Keeler (1939), Herb Pennock (1948), Harry Heilmann (1952) and Rabbit Maranville (1954) were previous posthumous electees by the BBWAA…Roberto Clemente was elected posthumously in a special BBWAA election in 1973.
FINAL ANSWER: Edgar Martinez becomes the fifth player elected to the Hall of Fame by the BBWAA in his final year of eligibility, joining Red Ruffing (1967), Ralph Kiner (1975), Jim Rice (2009) and Tim Raines (2017).
RULES FOR ELECTION: Voting criteria for BBWAA electors can be found at http://baseballhall.org/hall-famers/rules- election/bbwaa... Voting rules state that: “Voting shall be based upon the player's record, playing ability, integrity, sportsmanship, character, and contributions to the team(s) on which the player played.”
THE GAME’S ELITE: The Hall of Fame is comprised of 329 elected members…Included are 232 former major league players, 30 executives, 35 Negro Leaguers, 22 managers and 10 umpires…The BBWAA has elected 132 candidates to the Hall while the veterans committees (in all forms) have chosen 171 deserving candidates (100 major leaguers, 30 executives, 22 managers, 10 umpires and nine Negro Leaguers)…The defunct “Committee on Negro Baseball Leagues” selected nine men between 1971-77 and the Special Committee on Negro Leagues in 2006 elected 17 Negro Leaguers…There are currently 79 living members.
CONNECTING GENERATIONS: Tommy Lasorda, born Sept. 22, 1927, is currently the oldest living Hall of Famer at 91…Vladimir Guerrero, who was born on Feb. 9, 1975, is the youngest living Hall of Famer at 44 years of age.